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10th Regiment Cavalry

"Porter Guard"

Colonel John C. Lemmon received August 3, 1861, authority from the War Department to recruit this regiment. In September, 1861, it was turned over to the State authorities and recruiting continued by them. It was organized in Elmira, NY and a number of the men enlisted for the Morgan Cavalry, then disbanded, joined it. It received it's numerical designation, December 12, 1861, and it's companies were mustered in the service of the United States for three years. Company A at Syracuse, September 27, 1861, B,C,D,E,F,G and H at Elmira, December 28, 1861, I,K, and L at Elmira, October 29 and 30, 1862, and M in November and December, 1862 and January, 1863. Companies I,K and L joined the regiment December 5, 1862 and Company M in February, 1863, completing the regimental organization. At the expiration of the term of service of the first eight companies, the men entitled thereto were discharged, and the regiment continued in the service.

Organized at Elmira, N. Y., September 27, 1861. Moved to Gettysburg, Pa., December 24, and duty there till March, 1862. Duty at Havre de Grace and Baltimore, Md.. Middle Department and in the Defenccs of Washington, D.C., till August, 1862 Attached to Bavard's Cavalry Brigade, Army of Virginia. August-September, 1862. Bayard's Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of the Potomac, to January, 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, June, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, to August, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, to May, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, to June, 1865.

The companies were recruited principally:

Company A: Syracuse; McGrawville; Victory; Jordan; Cincinnatus; Freetown; Red Creek and Cortland

Company B,C,D,E, and F: Elmira and Buffalo

Company G and H: Elmira

Company I: Broadalbin; Johnstown; Mayfield; Perth and North Hampton

Company K: Oxford; McDonough; Coventry; Greene; Sherburne; Preston and Unadilla

Company L: Buffalo; Cortland; Cuyler; Lyons; Persia; Pitcher; Taylor; and Virgil

Company M: Buffalo; Freetown; Otto; Oxford; German; Niagara Falls; Pitcher; Virgil; Cortland; Lapeer and West Sparta



SERVICE.--Sulphur Springs, Va., August 27, 1862. Near Frying Pan August 27. Reconnoissance to Dranesville, Herndon Station and Frying Pan August 31. Near Centreville September 3. Reconnoissance to Leesburg October 16-17. Aldie and Mountsville October 31. Rappahannock Station November 1. New Baltimore November 4. Rappahannock Station November 7, 8 and 9. United States Ford November 16 (Co. "H"). Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. Occoquan, Dumfries, December 19. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Hartwood Church February 25. Rappahannock Railroad Bridge April 14. Stoneman's Raid toward Richmond April 27-May 8. Kelly's Ford April 30. Rapidan Station May 1. Louisa Court House May 2, South Anna Bridge May 3. Ashland Church May 4. Thompson's Cross Roads May 4. Brandy Station and Beverly Ford June 9. Aldie June 17. Middleburg June 18, 19 and 20. Upperville June 21. Aldie June 22. Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Fairfield, Pa., July 5. Hagerstown, Md., July 11. Boonsboro July 11-12. Near Harper's Ferry July 14. Shephardstown July 14 and 16. Halltown July 15. Near Amissville August 4. Littie Washington August 5. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13-17. Culpeper Court House September 13. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Near Warrenton October 11. Warrenton or White Sulphur Springs October 12-13. Auburn and St. Stephen's Church October 14. Catlett's Station October 15-16. Rappahannock Station October 24. Philomont November 1. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. New Hope Church November 27. Parker's Store November 29. Expedition to Luray December 21-23. Rapidan Campaign May-June, 1864. Near Chancellorsville May 4. Todd's Tavern May 5-6. Wilderness May 6-7. Todd's Tavern May 7-8. Spottsylvania May 8. Sheridan's Raid to the James River May 9-24. North Anna River May 9-10. Ground Squirrel Church and Yellow Tavern May 11. Glen Allen May 11. Fortifications of Richmond May 12. Jones Bridge May 17. Haxall's Landing May 18. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Hanovertown and Haw's Shop May 28. Old Church Tavern May 30. Cold Harbor May 31-June 1. Barker's and Gaino's MilIs June 2. Bottom's Bridge June 3. Sheridan's Trevillian Raid June 7-24. Trevillian Station June 11-12. Malvern Hill June 16. Kings and Queens Court House June 18. White House or St. Peter's Church and Black Creek or Tunstall Station June 21. Samaria Church June 24. Before Petersburg June 26, 1864, to April 2, 1865, Ream's Station June 30, 1864. Light House Point July 1. Gaines Hill July 2. Prince George Court House July 10 and 16. Lee's Mills July 12. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Malvern Hill July 28. Lee's Mills July 30. Demonstration north of the James August 13-20. Gravel Hill August 14. Strawberry Plains August 14-18. Weldon Railroad August 19-21. Dinwiddie Road, near Ream's Station, August 23. Ream's Station August 25. Arthur's Swamp August 29-30. Yellow Tavern September 2. Stony Creek Station September 16. Belcher's Mills September 17. Poplar Springs Church, Peeble's Farm, September 29-October 2. Vaughan Road September 30-October 1. Duncan Road October 1. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Near Prince George Court House November 2. Reconnoissance to Stony Creek November 7. Blackwater Creek November 18. Stony Creek December 1. Hicksford Raid December 6-12. Bellefield December 9-10. Jarrett's Station December 10. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28- April 9. Dinwiddie Court House March 30-31. Five Forks April 1. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Payne's Cross Roads and Amelia Springs April 5. Deatonville Road and Sailor's Creek April 6. Farmville April 7. Appomattox Station April 8. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Expedition to Danville April 23-29. Moved to Washington, D. C, May. Grand Review May 23. Consolidated with 24th New York Cavalry June 17, 1865, to form 1st Regiment Provisional Cavalry.

Regiment lost during service 9 Officers and 93 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 148 Enlisted men by disease. Total 251.









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